Best IAS Coaching in Delhi, SHRI RAM IAS

Current Affairs for 6 May 2024

Current Affairs for 6 May 2024 Banner - The Best IAS Coaching in Delhi | SHRI RAM IAS Study Centre

Lakshya Aircraft: ADRDO's Marvel


The Lakshya aircraft, a marvel of indigenous engineering, has garnered attention recently due to a visit from the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a DRDO lab in Bengaluru, this micro-light and pilot-less target aircraft have become an integral part of India's defense forces since its induction in the early 2000s.


Design and Features

The Lakshya Aircraft, designed and built by ADE, is a cost-effective, re-usable, high subsonic aerial target system powered by a gas turbine engine crafted by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Bangalore. Its primary purpose is to support the evaluation and development trials of new weapon systems for both the Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, and Indian Army.


Training and Capabilities

Equipped with two tow targets and a sophisticated Miss Distance Indication Scoring System, the Lakshya aids in training land- or ship-based gun and missile crews along with combat aircraft pilots in weapon engagement. Its versatility allows for launch from both land and sea, with recovery facilitated by a dual-stage parachute system. The aircraft can be controlled from a ground control station (GCS) using pre-programmed hardware and software systems, making it a highly adaptable asset.


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Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) Technology: Revolutionizing Underwater Endurance


The evolution of Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) technology has marked a significant breakthrough in submarine capabilities, enhancing their underwater endurance and operational efficiency. This technology, incorporated into modern submarines, addresses the limitations of traditional diesel-electric propulsion systems, enabling extended underwater missions with reduced detection risks.


Historical Background and Development

Traditionally, diesel-electric submarines faced challenges such as frequent surfacing for battery charging and limited underwater endurance. The introduction of AIP technology revolutionised this landscape by providing auxiliary power sources that significantly extended submerged operations.


Working Mechanism and Advantages

AIP systems, leveraging various approaches like closed-cycle systems and open-cycle fuel usage, generate electricity to power submarines' propulsion systems. This innovation enhances stealth capabilities, operational range, and mission endurance, making submarines equipped with AIP technology formidable assets in naval operations.



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