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Current Affairs for 4 May 2024

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Standard Essential Patents


The use of Standard Essential Patents (SEPs) by certain technology companies has raised concerns regarding their impact on the telecom manufacturing sector in India. SEPs are patents granted for technological inventions deemed essential for implementing and operating a standard. These patents, acknowledged by Standard Setting Organizations (SSOs), are crucial for industry collaboration and standardization, allowing interoperability among devices. However, their monopolistic nature, coupled with the requirement for manufacturers to obtain licenses, has drawn attention from an antitrust perspective.

Shaksgam Valley Dispute


India has expressed strong objections to China's construction activities in the Shaksgam Valley, a disputed territory claimed by both India and Pakistan. This valley, also known as the Trans Karakoram Tract, was ceded to China by Pakistan in 1963, yet its sovereignty remains contentious. The construction activities are seen as an illegal attempt to alter the ground situation, sparking diplomatic tensions in the region.

Batillipes Chandrayaani Discovery


A newly discovered species of marine tardigrade, named Batillipes chandrayaani after Chandrayaan-3, has been found off the southeast coast of Tamil Nadu. These microscopic creatures, commonly known as 'water bears,' are significant additions to marine biodiversity. The discovery sheds light on the rich ecological diversity of Tamil Nadu's intertidal beach sediments.

Accusations Within the Five Eyes Network


India has been accused by four countries within the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing network of running espionage operations. The Five Eyes network, comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, is a multilateral arrangement for intelligence sharing. These accusations reflect ongoing tensions and suspicions among global intelligence communities.

Commission on Population and Development (CPD57) Session


India, in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund, is organizing an event during the 57th Session of the Commission on Population and Development (CPD57). This commission, established by ECOSOC, plays a vital role in advising and implementing population-related initiatives at national, regional, and international levels. The event focuses on localizing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through women's leadership in local governance.

H5N1 Outbreak and Agricultural Vulnerabilities


The recent H5N1 outbreak underscores vulnerabilities in India's industrial livestock sector, prompting calls for comprehensive reassessments of animal welfare practices within environmental and legal frameworks. This outbreak highlights the interconnectedness of public health, ecosystem health, and agricultural sustainability. Issues such as biosecurity measures, animal confinement practices, and market stability during disease outbreaks are key concerns.

The Paradox of Savings in Economic Discourse


The paradox of savings, also known as the paradox of thrift, has resurfaced in economic discussions, especially during economic downturns. This concept challenges the assumption that higher personal savings always translate to increased economic growth. The delicate balance between saving and spending becomes crucial in policy debates aimed at stimulating economic recovery and maintaining stability.

6th International Conference on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (ICDRI)


India recently participated in the 6th International Conference on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (ICDRI) 2024. This conference, initiated by the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI), focuses on enhancing infrastructure resilience to climate and disaster risks. CDRI, launched in 2019, is a global initiative championed by India, aiming to build capacity and promote sustainable development through resilient infrastructure projects.

Conflict Minerals and Supply Chain Transparency


The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has accused Apple of using conflict minerals in its global supply chain. Conflict minerals, extracted from regions affected by armed conflict, are a significant concern due to their role in funding violence. The accusation highlights the importance of transparency and ethical sourcing practices within supply chains, especially in industries like electronics and renewable energy.

Ajrakh's Geographical Indication (GI) Tag


Ajrakh, a traditional hand-block printing technique from Kutch, Gujarat, has been granted a Geographical Indication (GI) tag. This recognition signifies Ajrakh's unique cultural heritage and production techniques, contributing to its global identity. The GI tag ensures protection against imitation and promotes sustainable artisanal practices.

Marine Cloud Brightening (MCB) for Climate Intervention


Scientists are exploring marine cloud brightening (MCB) as a geoengineering technique to mitigate climate change. By injecting saltwater particles into marine clouds, researchers aim to enhance cloud reflectivity and reduce solar radiation. This initiative reflects ongoing efforts to develop innovative solutions for climate intervention and environmental sustainability.


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