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Current Affairs for 25th April 2024

Current Affairs for 25th April 2024 Banner - The Best IAS Coaching in Delhi | SHRI RAM IAS Study Centre

Bulletproof Jacket by DRDO  


The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed an innovative bulletproof jacket, which is the lightest of its kind in India. This jacket, designed by the Defence Materials and Stores Research and Development Establishment (DMSRDE) in Kanpur, provides high-level protection against threats, meeting Level 6 standards as per BIS 17051. It can withstand ammunition like 7.62 x 54 R API, which is of significant importance in military and security operations.

The uniqueness of this jacket lies in its design approach and the materials used. It utilizes novel materials and processes, including a front Hard Armour Panel (HAP) made of a monolithic ceramic plate with a polymer backing. This combination not only ensures superior protection but also enhances the wearer's comfort and mobility during operations. Additionally, the HAP is designed to withstand multiple hits, making it highly durable and reliable in critical situations.

Furthermore, rigorous testing has been conducted at the Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory (TBRL) in Chandigarh to validate the jacket's performance and effectiveness. Overall, this development represents a significant advancement in personal protective gear for defense and security personnel, showcasing India's capability in developing cutting-edge military technologies.



Second Uncrewed Gaganyaan Test by ISRO  


The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is making strides in its Gaganyaan mission, India's ambitious venture into human spaceflight. The upcoming second uncrewed test flight is a crucial step towards achieving this milestone, with additional uncrewed missions planned for 2025.

ISRO's Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC) plays a pivotal role in spearheading the Gaganyaan program. This center is tasked with developing critical technologies essential for human spaceflight, including life support systems, crew training, and human rating and certification processes. The collaboration across various ISRO centers, research labs, academia, and industries underscores the comprehensive approach towards realizing India's human spaceflight capability.

The objectives of the Gaganyaan program encompass not only technical achievements but also strategic partnerships and international cooperation. By demonstrating the ability to launch and sustain human missions in space, India aims to establish itself as a prominent player in the global space exploration arena.



Myanmar’s Karen Ethnic Minority  


The Karen ethnic minority in Myanmar has long struggled for recognition and rights within the country. Their recent efforts to capture the Myawaddy trading town near the Thailand border signify a broader struggle for autonomy and representation.

The Karen National Union (KNU) serves as the political voice of the Karen people, advocating for their interests and rights. The armed wing, the Karen National Liberation Army, represents their determination to secure a place in Myanmar's political landscape amid ongoing conflict and transitions.

The situation in Myanmar, following the military's actions against the elected government, has led to widespread unrest and displacement. The Karen's proximity to key trading areas highlights their strategic significance and the economic implications of their actions.



Padma Awards 2024  


The Padma Awards, presented annually by the President of India, recognize individuals for their exceptional contributions across various fields. The 2024 awards ceremony honored a diverse group of recipients, including former Vice-President M. Venkaiah Naidu, actor-politician Mithun Chakraborty, singer Usha Uthup, tennis player Rohan Bopanna, and others.

The awards are categorized into Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri, with each category representing different levels of achievement and service to the nation. The selection process is rigorous, considering candidates' impact and contributions to public service and society.

The recognition of individuals from diverse backgrounds and disciplines underscores India's commitment to honoring excellence and promoting national pride. The Padma Awards serve as a symbol of inspiration and motivation for future generations to strive for greatness in their respective fields.



Marine Cloud Brightening  


Marine cloud brightening is a geoengineering technique aimed at mitigating climate change by increasing the reflectivity of marine clouds. This method involves injecting tiny saltwater particles into specific cloud types, such as marine stratocumulus clouds, to enhance their ability to reflect sunlight back into space.

The scientific initiative behind marine cloud brightening explores the potential of altering atmospheric particles, known as aerosols, to influence cloud properties and global climate patterns. By studying the effects of aerosol injections on cloud reflectivity, researchers seek to understand the feasibility and potential risks associated with this approach.

The goals of the Marine Cloud Brightening Program include assessing the impact of pollution aerosols on cloud formation, evaluating the efficacy of intentional aerosol injections in reducing climate warming, and exploring sustainable alternatives to traditional climate mitigation strategies.



Golden Trevally Fish  


The successful captive breeding of golden trevally by the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) represents a significant achievement in mariculture and marine biodiversity conservation.

The golden trevally, also known as the golden kingfish, is a valuable marine species with high market demand. Its suitability for mariculture is attributed to factors such as rapid growth rates, good meat quality, and adaptability to captive environments.

The research conducted by CMFRI not only contributes to sustainable aquaculture practices but also supports the conservation of reef-associated species and ecosystems. Golden trevally's role as a reef-associated fish further underscores its ecological importance and potential economic value in the fisheries sector.



State Of The Climate In Asia 2023 Report


The World Meteorological Organisation's State of the Climate in Asia 2023 Report provides a comprehensive overview of climate trends, impacts, and challenges across the Asian region.

Key highlights from the report include:


  1. The significant impact of extreme climate events on millions of people in Asia, highlighting the vulnerability of the region to climate-related disasters.

  2. Record-high concentrations of greenhouse gases, emphasizing the urgent need for climate action and mitigation efforts.

  3. Ocean heat content reaching unprecedented levels, indicating ongoing climate change impacts on marine ecosystems.

  4. Glacial retreats in areas such as the East Himalayas and Central Asia's Tian Shan mountains, raising concerns about water resources and environmental sustainability.

  5. The report serves as a vital tool for policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders to understand the evolving climate dynamics in Asia and prioritize adaptation and mitigation strategies.



Pink Hydrogen  


The concept of "pink" hydrogen production through nuclear energy integration represents a promising avenue for sustainable energy transition and climate mitigation.

Pink hydrogen, generated through electrolysis powered by nuclear energy, offers several advantages, including reduced production costs and lower emissions compared to conventional hydrogen production methods. This makes it an attractive option for industries seeking cleaner energy alternatives.

By leveraging nuclear power's capabilities, such as high temperatures for efficient electrolysis, pink hydrogen production can contribute to decarbonizing sectors like cement, steel, aviation, and transportation. The amendment of relevant laws to facilitate pink hydrogen production underscores India's commitment to advancing innovative solutions for a greener future.



English Channel Tragedy  


The recent tragedy involving five deaths during an attempt to cross the English Channel highlights the risks and challenges associated with irregular migration and asylum seekers' journeys.

The English Channel, a vital maritime route between England and France, is often used by migrants seeking asylum or better opportunities in Europe. However, the perilous conditions, including rough seas and overcrowded boats, pose significant dangers to individuals attempting these crossings.

The incident occurred shortly after Britain's decision to pass a bill aimed at deterring dangerous crossings by deporting asylum seekers to Rwanda. This policy has sparked debates regarding the ethical and humanitarian aspects of migration management and border control measures.

The tragedy serves as a sobering reminder of the complex issues surrounding migration, asylum policies, and the need for coordinated international efforts to address root causes and ensure safety for vulnerable populations.


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