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Chandrayaan-4: India's Next Lunar Mission Marks a Giant Leap in Space Exploration

After the success of Chandrayaan-3, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is set to embark on yet another lunar mission - Chandrayaan-4. With its ambitious objectives and cutting-edge technology, Chandrayaan-4 is poised to take India's space exploration capabilities to new heights. In this blog, we will delve into the details of Chandrayaan-4 and its significance in the realm of space exploration.

Chandrayaan-4: A Brief Overview
Chandrayaan-4 represents a significant step forward in space exploration and is poised to be more complex than its predecessors. This lunar mission aims to collect samples from the lunar surface and bring them back to Earth, marking a momentous achievement for India's space program.

The Lunar Mission Strategy
The Chandrayaan-4 mission will be executed in two phases. The first phase will involve the launch of a lander and an "ascender" module to gather samples from the moon's surface. This crucial step is expected to take place near the lunar south pole, an area of great interest due to its abundance of water ice, which holds potential for rocket fuel and life support.

Once the samples are collected, the spacecraft will connect to another module in space. As the two modules approach Earth, they will split into two parts: one will return to Earth while the other continues to orbit it. This intricate process necessitates the use of two powerful rockets to safely return the lunar samples.

Chandrayaan-4's Advancements
Chandrayaan-4 promises several advancements compared to its predecessor, Chandrayaan-3. Firstly, in terms of weight, Chandrayaan-4 plans to land a massive 350kg rover on the moon, marking a significant increase from Chandrayaan-3's 30kg rover. Additionally, the mission aims to perform a challenging landing on the moon's rim, an unexplored region, enhancing our understanding of the lunar terrain.

The Expanded Exploration
Another notable aspect of Chandrayaan-4 is its focus on exploration across a much larger area. While Chandrayaan-3 explored an area of 500m x 500m, Chandrayaan-4 aims to cover a massive 1000m x 1000m. This wider exploration area will enable scientists to gather a wealth of data and expand our knowledge of the moon's composition and geology.

Partnerships in Lunar Exploration
ISRO is not working alone in this endeavor. The space agency is collaborating with the Japanese space agency, JAXA, on a lunar mission called "LuPEX." LuPEX aims to explore the moon's darker side and will weigh 350kg, making it a comparable mission in terms of scale to Chandrayaan-4. This collaboration demonstrates the collaborative and pioneering nature of lunar exploration and opens up possibilities for shared knowledge and insights.

The Road Ahead
While Chandrayaan-4 holds immense promise, confirmation from ISRO regarding its viability is still pending. In the meantime, ISRO is investing efforts in the Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX) in collaboration with JAXA. This collaborative mission aims to overcome the communication challenges faced during the Chandrayaan-3 mission and further advance lunar exploration.

Conclusion
Chandrayaan-4, India's upcoming lunar mission, represents a giant leap in space exploration. With its focus on collecting lunar samples, advancements in rover capabilities, and expanded exploration area, Chandrayaan-4 has the potential to greatly contribute to our understanding of the moon and its resources. As ISRO continues to push boundaries in space exploration, we eagerly anticipate the groundbreaking discoveries and achievements that Chandrayaan-4 may unveil.